Maternal Risk Factors And Anaemia in Pregnancy: A Prospective Retrospective Cohort Study

Noronha, Judith A and Bhaduri, A and Bhat, Vinod H and Kamath, A (2010) Maternal Risk Factors And Anaemia in Pregnancy: A Prospective Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 30 (2). pp. 132-136.

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Abstract

Anaemia in pregnancy is still a concern during the reproductive period, as it is associated with increased maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. This study examined the maternal risk factors associated with increased prevalence of anaemia among antenatal and postnatal women. A prospective–retrospective cohort approach was carried out among 1,077 antenatal and 1,000 postnatal women. The haemoglobin was estimated using the cyanmethaemoglobin method. The maternal factors included were age, parity, education, socioeconomic status, spacing, history of bleeding, worm infestation, period of gestation, knowledge regarding anaemia in pregnancy, food selection ability and compliance to iron supplementation. Of the 1,077 antenatal women studied, 540 were anaemic. Among the 1,000 postnatal women, the prevalence was 537 (53.7%). The high prevalence was strongly associated with low socioeconomic status (OR 1.409 [1.048– 1.899]; p50.023) which affected their knowledge and health seeking behaviour in both the groups. Hence it can be concluded that empowering women in terms of education and economic status is the key factor in combating anaemia in pregnancy to prevent the vicious cycle of associated problems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaemia, Maternal factors, Pregnancy, Prevalence
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2011 10:20
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2016 15:25
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/1115

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