Comparative assessment in Pharmacology multiple choice questions versus essay with focus on gender differences.

Pai, M R S M and Sanji, Narendranath and Pai, Preethi G and Kotian, Shashidhar (2010) Comparative assessment in Pharmacology multiple choice questions versus essay with focus on gender differences. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online], 4 (3). pp. 2515-2520.

[img]
Preview
PDF
649-1015_E(C)_F(P)_R(P)_PF_p.pdf - Published Version

Download (239kB)

Abstract

Background: Assessment is a driver of innovation and changes in education. In this study, medical student performances in pharmacology short essay questions (SEQ) and multiple choice questions (MCQ) were assessed and compared and gender differences were also explored. Methods: A total of 712 second year students with records of scores in SEQ and MCQ papers were analyzed. The performances of students who scored > 60% marks in theory papers were compared with those who scored > 60% marks in MCQ and vice versa. Gender differences in performances were also studied. Statistical analysis was done using McNemar, Chi-Square and Pearson’s co-efficient of correlation. P values < 0.05 were considered to be significant. Results: The analysis showed that the probability of students scoring > 60% marks in SEQ papers was higher when they had scored > 60% marks in MCQ papers (P < 0.001). Their SEQ performance positively correlated with their MCQ performance (r= 0.768, r= 0.599 and r=0.767 for the first, second and third tests respectively). Females scored higher than males in all tests. Conclusion: Literature indicates that MCQ as an assessment tool is debatable. This study indicates: performance in MCQ is an effective tool to predict SEQ paper performance; and correlates with global data on better performances by female counterparts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pharmacology, assessment, essays, multiple choice questions
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Pharmacology
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2011 05:03
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2011 10:25
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/1278

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item