Pattern of Respiratory Tract Infections In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Chowta, Nithyananda K and Bangera, Sachin and Chowta, Mukta N. (2013) Pattern of Respiratory Tract Infections In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. International Journal of Universal Pharmacy and Bio Sciences, 2 (3). 033-041. ISSN 2319-8141

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Abstract

Background & objective: Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a risk factor for developing respiratory tract infection. The objective of the study was to evaluate the pattern of respiratory tract infections in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods and Material: This was a prospective, observational, case-control study with analysis of cross sectional data. The study was done in a tertiary care hospital. Patient population included both males and females with age above 18 years. A total of 400 patients were included in the study, out of which 200 were with diabetes mellitus and 200 were without diabetes mellitus. Analysis was done by using descriptive statistics and chi- square test. Results: Distribution of patients in different age groups was equal in both the groups with male preponderance. Most common respiratory tract infections in both the groups were pneumonia. In diabetic group 26% (52/200) patients and in nondiabetic group 18.5% (37/200) patients had pneumonia. Bronchitis was seen in 20% (40/200) of diabetic patients and 27%(54/200) of non-diabetic patients. Tuberculosis was more common in diabetics compared to non-diabetics whereas chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD) was more common in non-diabetics. Fever as presenting symptom of respiratory tract infection was significantly less in diabetic group 22.5% (45/200) than in non-diabetic group 57.5%(115/200).Conclusions: Pneumonia and bronchitis were the most common type of respiratory tract infection in both groups. Tuberculosis was significantly more in diabetics than non-diabetics. Fever was less common symptom in diabetics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Respiratory Tract Infection, Diabetes Mellitus, Tuberculosis
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Pharmacology
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2013 06:22
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2013 06:22
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/136243

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