Nano ZnO-activated carbon composite electrodes for Supercapacitors

Selvakumar, M and Bhat, Krishna D and Aggarwal, Manish A and Iyer, Prahladh S and Sravani, G (2010) Nano ZnO-activated carbon composite electrodes for Supercapacitors. Physica B, 405. pp. 2286-2289.

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A symmetrical (p/p) supercapacitor has been fabricated by making use of nanostructured zinc oxide (ZnO)–activated carbon (AC) composite electrodes for the first time. The composites have been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). Electrochemical properties of the prepared nanocomposite electrodes and the supercapacitor have been studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and AC impedance spectroscopy in 0.1M Na2SO4 as electrolyte. The ZnO–AC nanocomposite electrode showed a specific capacitance of 160 F/g for 1:1 composition. The specific capacitance of the electrodes decreased with increase in zinc oxide content. Galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements have been done at various current densities, namely 2, 4, 6 and 7 mA/cm2. It has been found that the cells have excellent electrochemical reversibility and capacitive characteristics in 0.1M Na2SO4 electrolyte. It has also been observed that the specific capacitance is constant up to 500 cycles at all current densities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ZnO ; Nanomaterials ; Activated carbon ; Supercapacitor Specific capacitance
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Chemistry
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2013 11:17
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2013 11:17

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