Toxicological evaluation of Terminalia paniculata bark extract and its protective effect against CCl4-induced liver injury in rodents

Talwar, Sahil and Jagani, Hitesh V and Nayak, Pawan G and Kumar, Nitesh and Kishore, Anoop and Bansal, Punit and Shenoy, Rekha R and Nandakumar, Krishnadas (2013) Toxicological evaluation of Terminalia paniculata bark extract and its protective effect against CCl4-induced liver injury in rodents. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 13 (127). pp. 1-11.

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Abstract

Background: Based on the reported antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of Terminalia paniculata, the bark aqueous extract (TPW) was investigated against liver damage. Methods: Intrinsic cytotoxicity was tested on normal human liver (Chang) cell lines, followed by acute and subchronic toxicity studies in mice. TPW was then evaluated against CCl4-induced liver toxicity in rats. Liver enzymes (AST, ALT, and ALP) and antioxidant markers were assessed. The effect of TPW on isolated hepatic cells, post-CCl4 administration, was assessed by isolated mitochondrial membrane staining. The actions of TPW on apoptotic pathway in CCl4-treated Chang cells were also elucidated. Results: TPW was found to be safe at all doses tested in both in vitro and in vivo toxicity studies. TPW (400 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly (*p <0.05) improved liver enzyme activity as compared to CCl4. Also, it improved antioxidant status (GSH, GST, MDA and total thiol) and preserved hepatic cell architecture. TPW pre-treatment significantly attenuated the levels of phospho-p53, p53, cleaved caspase-3, phospho-Bad, Bad and cleaved PARP in CCl4-treated Chang cells, improving the viability considerably. Conclusion: The findings support a protective role for Terminalia paniculata in pathologies involving oxidative stress.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Terminalia paniculata; Antioxidant; Hepatoprotective; CCl4-induced liver toxicity; Mitochondrial staining; Apoptotic markers.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2013 11:25
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2013 11:25
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/136324

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