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Hearing impairment and ear diseases among children of school entry age in rural South India

Rao, Phaneendra RS and Subramanyam, Malavika A and Nair, Sreekumaran N and Rajashekhar, B (2002) Hearing impairment and ear diseases among children of school entry age in rural South India. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 64 (2). pp. 105-110. ISSN 0165- 5876

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Abstract

Objective: To find out the prevalence and causes of hearing impairment among children of school-entry age, in rural areas of coastal south India. Methods: The study adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines viz., ‘The Prevalence of Ear and Hearing Disorders Protocol’. A total of 855 children studying in the first year of school were examined using a Portable Pure Tone Audiometer and an Otoscope. Children with hearing impairment were re-examined to find out the type of hearing impairment. Mothers of all children were interviewed in their homes, in order to obtain details of socio-economic status, family history and history of consanguinity. Results: Hearing impairment was detected in 102 children (11.9%) and impacted wax was found to be the most common cause of hearing impairment (86.3%). On re-testing, it was predominantly conductive hearing impairment (81.6%) observed among 74 of these children. The prevalence of hearing impairment was significantly lower among children belonging to high socio-economic status (P=0.0036). Conclusions: Hearing impairment and preventable ear diseases were found to be important health problems among children of school-entry age group in this region. Regular screening of children of school-entry age will ensure that children begin their school-life without this disability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hearing impairment; Children; School-entry age; Prevalence; India.
Subjects: Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Speech and Hearing
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2013 06:46
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2013 06:46
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/136503

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