Modulatory effects of sesamol in dinitrochlorobenzene induced inflammatory bowel disorder in albino rats

Kondamudi, Phani Krishna and Kovelamudi, Hemalatha and Mathew, Geetha and Nayak, Pawan G and Rao, Mallikarjuna C and Shenoy, Rekha R (2013) Modulatory effects of sesamol in dinitrochlorobenzene induced inflammatory bowel disorder in albino rats. Pharmacological Reports, 65. pp. 658-665. ISSN 1734-1140

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Abstract

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory condition of gastrointestinal tract of immune, genetic and environmental origin. In the present study, we examined the effect of sesamol (SES), the main anti-oxidative constituent of Sesamum indicum (sesame seed) Linn. in the dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced model for IBD in rats. Methods: The groups were divided into normal control, DNCB control, SES and sulfasalazine (SS). On day 24, the rats were killed, colon removed and the macroscopic, biochemical and histopathological evaluations were performed. Results: The levels of MPO, TBARS and nitrite increased significantly (p < 0.05) in the DNCB group, whereas reduced significantly in the SES, SS treated groups. Serum nitrite levels were found to be insignificant between the different groups. IL-6 and TNF-a levels were significantly high in the DNCB group. Conclusions:We conclude the mucosal protective effect of SES on colon due to its potent antioxidant actions. Further investigation is required in a chronic model of different rodent strain for its role involved in the cytokine pathway.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sesamol; dinitrochlorobenzene; myeloperoxidase; TBARS; TNF-a; interleukin-6.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2013 04:17
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2013 04:17
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/136751

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