Necrotising Fasciitis - A rare cause of neck swelling in a 2 year old child

Latheef, Navisha and Shenoy , Vijendra S and Kamath, Panduranga M. and Majeed, Nazeem Abdul (2013) Necrotising Fasciitis - A rare cause of neck swelling in a 2 year old child. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 2 (22).

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Abstract

Necrotising fasciitis is an unusual infection in the head and neck region characterized by rapid spread resulting in extensive subcutaneous necrosis and skin gangrene. Most patients who develop necrotising fasciitis have pre-existing conditions that render them susceptible to infection. Conditions that result in immunosuppression, such as advanced age, chronic renal failure, peripheral vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and drug misuse seem to be risk factors. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is required for reducing the morbidity and fatality. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual case of this condition in a 2 year old girl, who presented with a diffuse swelling on the left side of the neck extending from the clavicle to reach mandible of 2 day duration. Here we discuss the treatment policy adopted and the outcome. DISCUSSION: Necrotising fasciitis is an uncommon but potentially fatal condition and can affect any part of the body. Necrotising fasciitis is very rarely seen in paediatric age group. A case of necrotizing fasciitis in a 2 year old is presented for its rarity and for its diagnostic dilemmas. CONCLUSION: Necrotising fasciitis is a rare but life threatening condition that requires immediate action, but uncertainties still hamper prompt diagnosis and treatment

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Necrotising fasciitis, Head and Neck, Paediatric
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > E.N.T
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2013 06:55
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2013 06:55
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/136771

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