Factors Associated with Morbidities Among Infants in Three Sub Centre Areas of Belgaum District of South India: A Longitudinal Study

Joseph, Nitin and Naik, Vijaya A and Mahantshetti, Niranjana S and *, Unnikrishnan B and Mallapur, Mahesh and Kotian, Shashidhar M (2013) Factors Associated with Morbidities Among Infants in Three Sub Centre Areas of Belgaum District of South India: A Longitudinal Study. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 38 (3). pp. 168-174. ISSN 0970-0218

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Abstract

Background: Health status of infants is a sensitive indicator of development and factors influencing it need to be better understood. Objectives: This study was conducted to search for factors associated with morbidity among infants and to find out their influence on weight gain during infancy. Materials and Methods: This longitudinal study was undertaken in south India from November 2004 till April 2006. A birth cohort of all children born during first 6 months of the study period were assessed at enrollment and followed up monthly till they attained 1 year of age. Results: Incidence of morbidity among infants was found to be least among those exclusively breast fed (EBF) for 6 months and most when EBF for less than 6 months (P = 0.045). It was also more when infants were weaned with a combination of animal milk, formula milk, semi‑solids and solid diet and least when weaned only with semi‑solids and solids (P = 0.018). Diarrheal episodes were more in infants who were bottle‑fed (P < 0.001). Weight gain between 6th and 12th month of infancy was found to be significantly affected by various morbidities (P = 0.001). Incidence of morbidities was less among preterm babies and more among partially immunized (P < 0.001) babies with birth order ≥ 3 (P = 0.012), babies of mothers with low socio‑economic and educational status. Delayed milestones during infancy was seen more in babies with history of birth asphyxia (P = 0.018). Conclusion: Several factors influenced incidence of morbidities and these morbidities had a negative effect on weight gain. Hence these factors need to be addressed to promote better child health.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Factors, infants, incidence, longitudinal study, morbidity, weight gain
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2013 09:43
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2013 09:43
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/136808

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