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Cognitive Flexibility in Children with Learning Disability

*, Radish Kumar Balasubramanium and Bhat, Jayashree S. (2010) Cognitive Flexibility in Children with Learning Disability. Language in India, 10. ISSN 1930-2940

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Abstract

A child with learning disability may have underlying abnormality in cognitive processing that often precedes or is associated with learning disorders. If language and the learning difficulties are the result of slow processing speed, then the differences in cognitive flexibility measures are expected in children with learning disability in comparison with age matched peers. Hence the present study was attempted. Participants consisted of 12 children with learning disability and 12 age matched typically developing children in the age range of 9-10 years. The experimental set comprised of a set of 20 pictures in 4 lexical categories (fruits, stationary items, animals and body parts). The stimuli was then inserted and presented to the participants using DMDX software in such a way that four pictures of the same lexical category appeared one after another on the computer screen following one from a different lexical category. Participants were instructed to name the pictures immediately upon the presentation of the stimuli. Participant’s response latencies were measured from the application of a stimulus to the detection of a response through naming. Differences between the reaction time for the fourth item and the fifth item was calculated to obtain a cognitive flexibility index.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Speech and Hearing
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2013 11:27
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2013 11:27
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/137485

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