Design of Solar Heat Sheet for Air Heaters

Shanmugapriya, S and Premalatha, M and Thirunavukkarasu, I (2011) Design of Solar Heat Sheet for Air Heaters. In: International conference on methods and models in science and technology (ICM2ST-11) , 4th january 2011, Jaipur, Rajasthan..

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Abstract

The technique of harnessing solar energy for drying offers significant potential to dry agricultural products such as food grains, fruits, vegetables and medicinal plants, thereby eliminating many of the problems experienced with open-sun drying and industrial drying, besides saving huge quantities of fossil fuels. A great deal of experimental work over the last few decades has already demonstrated that agricultural products can be satisfactorily dehydrated using solar energy. Various designs of small scale solar dryers have been developed in the recent past, mainly for drying agricultural products. Major problems experienced with solar dryers are their non-reliability as their operation largely depends on local weather conditions. While back-up heaters and hybrid dryers partly solved this issue, difficulties in controlling the drying air temperature and flow rate remains a problem, and affects the quality of the dried product. This study is aimed at eliminating the fluctuations in the quality of hot air supplied by simple solar air heaters used for drying fruits, vegetables and other applications. It is an attempt to analyse the applicability of the combination of an glazed transpired solar collector (tank), thermal storage and a intake fan(suction fan) to achieve a steady supply of air at a different atmospheric temperature and flow rate for drying fruits and vegetables. Development of an efficient, low-cost and reliable air heating system for drying applications is done.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solar air collector; evaporator; condenser; wickless heat pipes; Fins; collector efficiency; flow rate of air; inclination angle ; radiation intensity
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Chemical
Engineering > MIT Manipal > Instrumentation and Control
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2013 11:27
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2013 11:27
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/137619

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