Bifurcated Plantaris with Rare Relations to the Neurovascular Bundle in the Popliteal Fossa

Kotian, Sushma R and Sachin, KS and Bhat, Kumar MR (2013) Bifurcated Plantaris with Rare Relations to the Neurovascular Bundle in the Popliteal Fossa. Anatomical Science International, 88 (4). pp. 239-241. ISSN 1447-6959

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Abstract

The plantaris muscle (PM) is a vestigial muscle in human. The PM arises as a small muscular belly from the lateral condyle of the femur and then its long tendon inserts into the calcaneum or blends with the tendocal- caneus. There are many reports to describe the variations in the origin, nature of muscle, course of the tendon, and insertion of PM. However, here we report a case of a rare and unreported variation of PM with one common origin and two muscle bellies with peculiar relations with the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa. Although its anatomical functions are insignificant, its tendon is useful as a graft in various reconstructive surgeries and variation in this muscle and its relation to nearby neurovascular bundle may be of clinical interest. Therefore, the present variation is worth considering in predicting uncommon neurovascular entrapment in the leg and may also be useful in various surgical procedures in the region of the knee joint

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plantaris; Popliteal vessel; Popliteal fossa; Entrapment Tendocalcaneus
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Anatomy
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2013 10:56
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2013 10:56
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/137647

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