Comparison of the effects of Buteyko and pranayama reathing techniques on quality of life in patients with asthma – a randomized controlled trial.

Prem, V and Sahoo, Ramesh Chandra and Adhikari, Prabha (2012) Comparison of the effects of Buteyko and pranayama reathing techniques on quality of life in patients with asthma – a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 27 (2). pp. 133-141. ISSN 1477-0873.

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Abstract

Objective: To compare two breathing exercises (Buteyko and pranayama) with a control group in patients with asthma. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Subjects: One hundred and twenty subjects were randomized to three groups through block randomization. Subjects with an Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score <5.5 participated in the study. Setting: Outpatient pulmonary medicine department. Interventions: Subjects in the Buteyko and pranayama groups were trained for 3–5 days and instructed to practise the exercises for 15 minutes twice daily, and for three months duration. The control group underwent routine pharmacological management during the study period. Outcome measures: Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, Asthma Control Questionnaire and pulmonary function test. Results: The baseline characteristics were similar in all three groups. Post intervention, the Buteyko group showed better trends of improvement (mean (95% confidence interval), P-value) in total Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score than the pranayama (0.47 (–0.008–0.95), P = 0.056) and control groups (0.97 (0.48–1.46), P = 0.0001). In comparison between the pranayama and control groups, pranayama showed significant improvement (0.50 (0.01–0.98), P = 0.042) in total Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score. Conclusion: The Buteyko group showed better trends of improvement in quality of life and asthma control than the group performing the pranayama breathing exercise.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: copy right of this article is belongs to Sage Publications.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breathing techniques, pranayama, Buteyko
Subjects: Allied Health > Bangalore Campus > Physiotherapy
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Pulmonary Medicine
Depositing User: MCON Library
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2013 06:34
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2014 05:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138112

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