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Morphological Analysis and Morphometry of the Foramen Magnum: An Anatomical Investigation

*, Chethan P. and *, Prakash K.G. and *, Murlimanju BV and *, Prashanth K.U. and Prabhu, Latha V. and Saralaya, Vasudha and *, Ashwin Krishnamurthy and *, Somesh M. S and *, Ganesh Kumar C (2012) Morphological Analysis and Morphometry of the Foramen Magnum: An Anatomical Investigation. Turkish Neurosurgery, 22 (4). pp. 416-419.

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Abstract

transverse diameter and the foramen magnum index. Mat erIal and Methods: The foramen magna of 53 dry human cadaver skulls that were obtained from the neuroanatomy laboratory were examined. Different shapes of the foramen magnum were macroscopically noted and classified. The antero-posterior and transverse diameters were measured and the average foraminal index was calculated. Result s: The foramen magnum shapes were determined as a round shape in 22.6% of cases, egg shape in 18.9%, tetragonal in 18.9%, oval in 15.1%, irregular in 15.1%, hexagonal in 5.6% and pentagonal in 3.8% of the cases. In 20.7% of skulls, the occipital condyle was observed to protrude into the foramen. The mean antero-posterior and transverse diameter of the foramen magnum was determined as 31 ± 2.4 mm and 25.2 ± 2.4 mm respectively. The average foramen magnum index was 1.2 ± 0.1. Conclu sIon: The present study has determined the various shapes of foramen magnum and its morphometry. The data obtained may be of useful to the neurosurgeon in analyzing the morphological anatomy of craniovertebral junction. The findings are also enlightening for the anthropologists, morphologists and clinical anatomists.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Foramen magnum, Morphology, Morphometry, Shape, Skull
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Anatomy
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2014 11:29
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2014 11:29
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138382

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