Prescription pattern in non-infectious respiratory diseases - A retrospective pilot study

Shastry, Rajeshwari and Sahoo, Sudhanshu and *, Muralidhara N and Rai, Amritha (2013) Prescription pattern in non-infectious respiratory diseases - A retrospective pilot study. International Journal of Universal Pharmacy and Bio Sciences, 2 (5). pp. 452-456. ISSN 2319-8141

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate drug use pattern in non-infectious respiratory diseases. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 6 months in the outpatient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital. The medical records of adult patients with respiratory diseases like bronchial asthma, COPD, allergic rhinitis or bronchitis were reviewed. Drugs prescribed for other co-morbidities were also noted. Drugs prescribed at the time of their last visit, along with demographic data, age, and gender was recorded on a patient proforma. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Result: A total of 104 patients’ prescriptions were collected, out of which 66 (63.5%) were males. Mean age was 50.27±1.69 years. Common non-infectious respiratory diseases observed were bronchial asthma 63(60%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 36 (34.6%) and rhinitis 5 (4.8%). Drugs prescribed for these disorders were bronchodilators 66 (63.5%), leukotriene antagonists 35 (33.7%) and corticosteroids 20 (19.2%). Among the bronchodilators salbutamol 27 (26%) and formoterol 13 (12.5%) were commonly used. Montelukast was the only leukotriene antagonist used. Of the corticosteroids, budesonide 17 (16.3%) and hydrocortisone 3 (2.9%) were commonly used. Conclusions: This study concludes that bronchodilators were the commonest drugs prescribed for non-infectious respiratory disorder followed by leukotriene antagonist. Salbutamol was the commonest bronchodilator prescribed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bronchial Asthma, Bronchodilators, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Prescription Pattern
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2014 11:29
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2014 11:29
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138390

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