Evaluation of impact on daily performances in patients Wearing fixed orthodontic appliances

Singla, Ritesh and Singla, Nishu (2014) Evaluation of impact on daily performances in patients Wearing fixed orthodontic appliances. Journal of international academic research for multidisciplinary, 1 (12). pp. 693-701. ISSN 2320-5083

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Abstract

To assess the impact of fixed orthodontic treatment on patients’ daily performances, their adaptation to the appliance over time (2-3 months) and also to compare the differences in the discomfort experienced based on age and gender. A total of 216 patients (94 males and 122 females) were included in the study. Subjects enrolled were patients seeking fixed orthodontic therapy. Complete banded/ bonded appliances were inserted in both the arches. Patients were asked to fill a series of three questionnaires at three distinct intervals of 1-7 days (T1), 14-21 days (T2) and 60-90 days (T3). Comparison of responses of all 14 questionsm at T1, T2 and T3 was done using Kruskal-Wallis test. Comparison according to the age and gender of the patients was done using Mann-Whitney test. The results indicated that patients experienced greater discomfort during the first week of treatment. Majority of patients did not experience discomfort while sleeping and general appearance. A generalized decline in the intensity of discomfort was noticed over T1-T3. Patients’ adaptation to functional discomfort took a relatively shorter time as compared to the social discomfort experienced by the patient. Moreover, the social discomfort experienced by adults was more compared to adolescent at T1. Influence of gender on impact of fixed appliances indicated females having more discomfort than males. Fixed orthodontic appliance affects patient’s quality of life significantly. The intensity of discomfort reduced over time, as the patient gets adapted to the appliance. Time taken for the patient to adapt to functional limitations is shorter compared to the long term psychological impact faced due to social disability. Social impact of fixed orthodontic appliances is less in adolescents as compared to adults. Females experienced more discomfort due to fixed appliances as compared to males.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Impact; Orthodontic Treatment; Discomfort.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Orthodontics
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2014 07:27
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2014 07:27
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138400

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