Trajectory optimization of launch vehicles using steepest descent method – a novel approach

Dileep, M V and Nair, Vishnu G and Kamath, Surekha (2013) Trajectory optimization of launch vehicles using steepest descent method – a novel approach. In: CISCON 2013, December 20-21, 2013, MIT, Manipal.

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Trajectory optimization of a generic launch vehicle is considered in this paper. The direct application of a nonlinear programming method is used in recent literature, which transforms the original problem into a nonlinear optimization problem. To study the rocket motion under the influence of gravitational field, 2-D simulator is developed. The rocket motion is analyzed for a gravity turn trajectory. The objective is to ensure desired terminal conditions as well as minimum control effort in the low dynamic pressure region. Design of optimal trajectory for a single stage rocket is a two point boundary problem. Trajectory is designed for a single stage liquid rocket.Trajectory is computed for a given initial and final condition using equations of motion of rocket in 2-D plane. The non-linear equations are solved using steepest descent and particle swarm optimization method. It is assumed that the launch vehicle is not experiencing any perturbations. Results are compared for Runge-kutta and Euler’s integration methods.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Trajectory optimization, Steepest descent method, particle swarm optimization method
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Instrumentation and Control
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2014 09:39
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2014 09:39

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