Microbial quality of well water from rural and urban households in Karnataka, India: A cross-sectional study

Mukhopadhyay, Chiranjay and Vishwanath, Shashidhar and Eshwara, Vandana Kalwaje and Shamanth, Shankaranarayana A and Sagir, Afrin (2012) Microbial quality of well water from rural and urban households in Karnataka, India: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 5 (3). pp. 257-262. ISSN 1876-0341

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbial quality of the well water used as a drinking source in urban and rural households. Methods: A total of 80 household well water samples were analyzed by the multiple fermentation tube method to determine the presumptive coliform count/most probable number of coliforms, and the isolates were identified using standard procedures, followed by susceptibility testing. Results: Fecal indicator organisms, including Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. were isolated from 22 (27.5%) samples, and the majority (92.5%) of the water sources were contaminated with coliforms. A total of 170 bacterial isolates were obtained, including coliforms (70%), Enterococcus spp. (1.8%) and saprophytes (28.2%). A significant number of isolates were multi-drug resistant, which is a cause of concern. A comparison of the microbial quality of the water between urban and rural households revealed no significant differences. Conclusion: It might be prudent to monitor the bacteriological quality of well water at the source in addition to resistance profiles of the isolates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Escherichia coli; fecal coliforms; most probable number; total coliforms; water quality.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2014 09:23
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2014 09:24
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138433

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