Tinnitus: Characterization of associated hearing loss and modalities of treatment

Rent, Natashya H and Bhojwani , Kiran M and Bhat, Jayashree S. and *, Unnikrishnan B (2013) Tinnitus: Characterization of associated hearing loss and modalities of treatment. Indian Journal of Otology, 19 (4). pp. 182-185. ISSN 0971-7749

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Purpose: To assess the characteristics of hearing loss with respect to tinnitus and to study the effi cacy of various modalities of treatment of tinnitus. Design: Prospective study. Materials and Methods: Patients were assigned into three groups. All patients underwent a complete ENT examination, followed by pure tone audiometry, tinnitus matching, and tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) score. Patients were treated with gingko biloba, gabapentin, or tinnitus-retraining therapy (TRT) for a period of 6 weeks following which above investigations were repeated. Results: The study showed a positive correlation between tinnitus loudness matches and frequency of maximum hearing threshold (r = 0.687, P = 0.001) and a signifi cant relation between tinnitus loudness matching and THI score (r = 0.383, P = 0.001). However, no correlations were observed between pitch match frequency and THI scores. Gingko biloba and TRT were found to be effective in the management of tinnitus (P < 0.01), but no improvement was observed with gabapentin therapy (P = 0.051). Conclusion: Tinnitus loudness matches near the threshold of frequency of maximum hearing loss, thus indicating that as threshold of hearing increases, the perception of tinnitus loudness increases. However, pitch match frequency does not affect severity of tinnitus. Gingko biloba and TRT are useful in the treatment of tinnitus.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gabapentin, Gingkobiloba, Tinnitus, Tinnitus handicap score, Tinnitus retraining therapy
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Speech and Hearing
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > E.N.T
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2014 10:14
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2014 10:14
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138476

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