Cross-sectional study to know the prevalence of liver dysfunction, anemia and metabolic syndrome in the Koraga community in Udupi district of South Karnataka, India

Vanishree, B and Sharma, Vivek and Nagalakshmi, Y and Nayak, Veena (2013) Cross-sectional study to know the prevalence of liver dysfunction, anemia and metabolic syndrome in the Koraga community in Udupi district of South Karnataka, India. International Journal of the A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences, 2 (1). 03-12.

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Abstract

Koraga community is considered to be one of primitive tribal groups (PTGs) deprived of social benefits. Most of the Koraga community in South India is spread around Western Ghats forest. Since they are deprived of social benefits, there are numerous government and non-government sponsored programme to uplift the community. The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of metabolic syndrome, anemia and altered liver function in the Koraga community residing in Udupi district, South Karnataka, India. Routine health check-up camp was conducted exclusively for Koraga community residing in Udupi district. Both males and females irrespective of age group were checked for height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure. Random blood samples were collected for assessing haemoglobin, blood sugar, lipid profile and liver function parameters. Body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR) were calculated using anthropometric measurements. Haemoglobin levels are found to be decreased in Koraga community people (p<0.0001). There was a significant liver dysfunction in them (p<0.0001). Interestingly, BMI and waist circumference of Koraga people were significantly lower than that of control population (p<0.0001), but their WHR was found to be significantly higher (p<0.0001). Among lipid profile parameters, there was significant increase total cholesterol and triacylglycerol (p<0.0001), but it may be because of random blood sample. Our study indicates, definite presence of anaemia in the female population of the Koraga community, and liver dysfunction in the Koraga community as a whole, mostly alcohol induced. Our study gives a clue towards presence of obesity in Koraga females, but to prove or disprove the presence of metabolic syndrome in the Koraga community, further studies are needed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anthropometric measurements; BMI; Haemoglobin; Koraga community; Liver function; Lipid profile; Metabolic syndrome; Waist to hip ratio.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2014 04:11
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2014 04:11
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138523

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