Role of bone morphogenetic proteins in periodonal regeneration: A review

Shetty, Shilpa and Shetty, Mranali K (2014) Role of bone morphogenetic proteins in periodonal regeneration: A review. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2 (1). pp. 1066-1071. ISSN 2320-5407

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Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by destruction of the alveolar bone, cementum, periodontal ligament, and gingiva as a response to insults elicited by microbial accumulations. The characteristics of periodontal defects may be seen as suprabony, infra bony, or furcation defect or the combination of defects. Recent advances in molecular biology of the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have set the stage for tissue engineering of bone and related tissues, including the periodontium. Bone-derived BMPs, with a collagenous matrix as carrier, induced cementum and alveolar bone regeneration in surgically created furcation defects in the primate. It is noteworthy that there was morphogenesis of periodontal ligament and a faithful insertion of Sharpey's fibers into cementum. The observation that BMPs induce cementogenesis and periodontal ligament formation indicates that these proteins may have multiple functions in vivo not limited to cartilage and bone induction. The rapid advances in the molecular biology of BMPs and their receptors bode well for novel strategies to engineer the regeneration of the periodontal tissues.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bone morphogeneticproteins, regeneration, periodontitis
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Periodontics
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2014 07:47
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2014 07:47

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