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Study of Prescription Pattern of Antihypertensive Medications in Type - 2 Diabetic Patients

Acharya, Leelavathi D and Rau, NR and Udupa, N and John, Jean and Surulivelrajan, Mallayasamy (2013) Study of Prescription Pattern of Antihypertensive Medications in Type - 2 Diabetic Patients. International Journal of Pharma Research. pp. 26-35.

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Abstract

Hypertension is highly prevalent in diabetic patients and its control is very important to prevent the complications. Various classes of drugs are available in the market to treat Hypertension. A cross sectional study was conducted prospectively to observe prescription pattern of antihypertensive medications in diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital in south India. A total of 735 Diabetes Mellitus patients were admitted from Jan to Oct 2008. 49% of the total diabetic patients had hypertension. Majority of patients were in the age group of 60-69 years and male predominance was observed. Monotherapy was commonly prescribed to about 52.2% of the patients. Among monotherapy, calcium channel blockers (40.4%) were the mostly prescribed drug class. Out of the calcium channel blockers, amlodipine (93.4%) was the most prescribed drug. In dual drug therapy, combination of calcium channel blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors were the most prescribed drugs in about 19.2% patients. Antihypertensive therapy for patients with complications and those with other co morbidities along with hypertension and diabetes, calcium channel blockers were the mostly prescribed class of drugs except for patients with Ischemic heart disease. Calcium channel blockers are the most commonly prescribed drug in diabetic hypertensives.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hypertension; Diabetes; Prescription pattern; Calcium channel blockers
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medicine
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2014 10:44
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2014 10:44
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138763

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