Cephalosporin utilization evaluation in a university teaching hospital: a prospective study

Nair, Sreedharan (2013) Cephalosporin utilization evaluation in a university teaching hospital: a prospective study. Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics, 3 (2). pp. 83-87. ISSN 2250-1177

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Abstract

Cephalosporins are among the commonly used class of antibiotics in hospitals and healthcare facilities world-wide and the use of newer generation of Cephalosporins have increased in the developed countries with limited number of studies investigating the drug prescribing and utilization pattern in the hospital setting. Hence the present study was carried out aiming to systematically evaluate the prescribing and sensitivity patterns of various Cephalosporins in Medicine and Surgery inpatients in a University teaching Hospital of Mangalore district, Karnataka, India. Cephalosporin utilization was evaluated in 400 inpatients of Medicine and Surgery department of a University teaching Hospital in a cross sectional prospective study for 5 months duration between June 2011-October 2011. 239(59.8%) patients from Medicine department and 161(40.2%) patients from Surgery department were enrolled in the present study. Patients with age group greater than or equal to 60 years received Cephalosporins maximum with 34% and 28% from Medicine and Surgery wards respectively. The median length of hospital stay was 10 days. The most widely prescribed formulation was parenterals (69%). The third-generation Cephalosporins were widely prescribed. 131 patients (32.8%) were prescribed Cephalosporin for surgical propylaxis and 56 patients (14%) to prevent infections. Culture test was performed in only 66(16.5%) cases, only 43 specimens showed positive culture test. Metronidazole was the most commonly co prescribed drug. This study revealed the wider usage of Cephalosporins especially third-generation Cephalosporins. The treatment regimens implemented in most of the cases were without doing any culture sensitivity test which lead to irrational prescribing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cephalosporins; surgical prophylaxis; Drug utilization.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2014 04:24
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2014 04:24
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138834

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