Water desalinationusing using Renewable Energy Sources

Prabhu, Satish and Nayak, Gurudas C and Shenoy, Satish B (2013) Water desalinationusing using Renewable Energy Sources. Asian Academic Research Journal of Multidisciplinary, 1 (12). pp. 395-404. ISSN 2319-2801

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Abstract

The origin and continuation of mankind is based on water. Water is one of the most abundant resources on earth, covering three-fourths of the planet’s surface. However, about 97% of the earth’s water is salt water in the oceans, and a tiny 3% is fresh water. This small percentage of the earth’s water—which supplies most of human and animal needs—exists in ground water, lakes and rivers. The only nearly inexhaustible sources of water are the oceans, which, however, are of high salinity. It would be feasible to address the water-shortage problem with seawater desalination; however, the separation of salts from seawater requires large amounts of energy which, when produced from fossil fuels, can cause harm to the environment. Therefore, there is a need to employ environmentally-friendly energy sources in order to desalinate seawater. After an introduction into desalination, this paper covers an efficient and cost-effective design and construction of a desalination unit used to convert seawater into fresh water suitable for human use.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Desalination process, evaporation, forced draft, distillation etc.
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Aeronautical and Automobile
Engineering > MIT Manipal > Instrumentation and Control
Engineering > MIT Manipal > Mechanical and Manufacturing
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2014 11:19
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2014 11:19
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/138881

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