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Prevalence of HIV and HBV in pregnant females in Mangalore

*, P Suri and Shenoy, Shalini and Baliga, Shrikala and *, D K Chhina (2013) Prevalence of HIV and HBV in pregnant females in Mangalore. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, 2 (6). pp. 120-130. ISSN 2277-8713

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Abstract

Background and Aims- The pregnant women and her fetus are susceptible to many infections and infectious diseases. More than 90% of cases of HIV in children result from perinatal transmission and 10-85% of infants born to HBsAg positive mothers become infected depending on HBeAg status of the mother. Considering the clinical importance of HIV and HBV in pregnant mothers, their perinatal transmission and their effects on fetus, the present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of HIV and HBV in pregnant women in our area. Material and methods- This prospective study was conducted from June 2004 to July 2005. Serum samples from all pregnant women were screened for anti-HIV Ab and HBsAg. Results- Twelve hundred antenatal women were screened for anti-HIV Ab and HBsAg, of which 23 (1.9%) were found to be seropositive for anti-HIV Ab and 16(1.3%) for HBsAg. One case (0.083%) was positive for both anti-HIV Ab and HBsAg. Conclusion- The present study confirms the need for HIV and HBsAg screening to be added to the battery of routine prenatal tests.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pregnant mother, HIV, HBV, Perinatal transmission, HBsAg
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2014 09:46
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2014 09:46
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/139082

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