A Case-Control Study on Risk Factors for Preterm Deliveries in a Secondary Care Hospital, Southern India

Rao, Chythra R and Bhat, Parvati and Kamath, Veena and Kamath, Asha and Bhat, Vinod H (2014) A Case-Control Study on Risk Factors for Preterm Deliveries in a Secondary Care Hospital, Southern India. ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2014. pp. 1-5.

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Abstract

Introduction: Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths and the second leading cause of death in children under five years old. Three-quarters of them could be saved with current, cost-effective interventions. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of preterm birth in a secondary care hospital in Southern India. Methods: In the case-control study, records of 153 antenatal women with preterm birth were included as cases. Age matched controls were women who had a live birth after 37 weeks of gestational age. Gestational age at delivery and associated risk factors were analyzed. Results: The preterm birth rate was 5.8%. Common risk factors associated with preterm birth were hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (21.4%), height <1.50m (16.8%), premature rupture of membranes (17.5%), and fetal distress (14.9%).Mean birth weight for preterm babies was 2452 grams while the birth weight for term babies was 2978 grams. Conclusion: The commonest obstetrical risk factor for preterm birth was hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and nonobstetrical risk factor was height <1.50 m. The percentage of preterm birth was low, comparable to developing countries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2014 09:18
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2017 14:15
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/139154

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