Clinicomicrobiological analysis of patients with cholangitis

Shenoy, Suchitra M and Shenoy, Suresh and *, Sandeep Gopal and Tantry, Bailuru Vishwanath and Baliga, Shrikala and Jain, Animesh (2014) Clinicomicrobiological analysis of patients with cholangitis. Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, 32 (2). pp. 157-160. ISSN 0255-0857

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Acute cholangitis is inflammation of biliary ductal system from infection with an associated biliary obstruction. This retrospective study was done to determine the factors responsible for cholangitis and the microbiological profile of the bile in patients with cholangitis. In the study involving 348 patients, 36.4% had associated malignancy. A total of 54% of the bile samples were positive for aerobic culture. Nearly 66-73% of the Escherichia coli and Klebsiella isolates were Extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL) producers. Two isolates of Candida spps were also obtained. Polymicrobial infection was seen in 31.5% of the culture positive cases. Ideal antibiotics in case of cholangitis would be those which are excreted in the bile such as third‑generation cephalosporins, ureidopenicillins, carbapenems and fluoroquinolones to combat resistance and polymicrobial aetiology. Anti‑fungal drugs may also be necessary if the patient is not responding to biliary decompression and antibacterial agents to prevent fungaemia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bile culture, cholangitis, endoscopic biliary drainage, ERCP, ESBL
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Microbiology
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2014 10:23
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2014 10:23

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