Beneficial Effect of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. on Osteopenia Associated with Streptozotocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Male Wistar Rats

Rao, Srinivasa Sirasanagandla and Pai, Sreedhara Ranganath K and Bhat, Kumar MR (2014) Beneficial Effect of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. on Osteopenia Associated with Streptozotocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Male Wistar Rats. Advances in Pharmacological Sciences, 2014. pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

Petroleum ether fraction of Cissus quadrangularis (PECQ) impact on the development of osteopenia in type 1 diabetic rat model has been evaluated. Diabetic rats were treated orally with two doses of PECQ. Another group of diabetic rats were treated with subcutaneous injection of synthetic human insulin.Thecortical and trabecular bone thickness and bone strength were significantly decreased in diabetic rats. Treatment with two doses of PECQsignificantly prevented these changes in diabetic rats.However, PECQ treatment (two doses) did not alter the glycemic levels in these diabetic rats. Increased levels of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), and hydroxyproline were noted in diabetic rats when compared to normal control rats. The two doses of PECQ treatment further improved the serum ALP levels and significantly decreased the serum levels of TRAP and hydroxyproline. The effects of PECQ treatment on histological, biomechanical, and biochemical parameters are comparable to those of insulin. Since PECQ improves the bone health in hyperglycemic conditions by enhancing the cortical and trabecular bone growth and altering the circulating bone markers, it could be used as an effective therapy against diabetes-associated bone disorders.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2014 04:11
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2014 04:11
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/139401

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