Biominerals in restorative dentistry

Shetty , Neeta and *, Kundabala M (2013) Biominerals in restorative dentistry. Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry, 3 (2). pp. 64-70. ISSN 2229 - 5194

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Restorative treatment strategies are being developed to repair and replace lost tooth structures and surrounding bone. The teeth under goes a constant cycle of demineralization and remineralization, but this natural remineralization process is inadequate to prevent progression of dental caries. Hence there is a need to supplement the tooth with a biomaterial which is bio inert or bioactive to remineralize, repair or regenerate the tissues of tooth. Calcium hydroxide is considered the gold standard material for repair of dentin, which is presently being replaced by materials with superior properties such as mineral trioxide aggregate. Biomaterials such as calcium phosphate cements are been advocated as bone substitute material because of properties such as biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and moldability. This review deals with the physiochemical properties of some of the biomineral based biomaterials which are currently used for repair, replacement or regeneration of hard tissues of teeth and bone. CLINICAL RELEVANCE TO INTERDISCIPLINARY DENTISTRY • Synthetic biomaterials containing biominerals are used in dentistry to repair and regenerate hard tissues of the teeth and bone. • Biomaterials containing biominerals are routinely used by specialist from various fields of dentistry such as restorative dentistry, periodontics and oral surgery. • Biomineral based biomaterials are used for direct and indirect pulp capping procedures, as an intracanal medicament in root canals, root perforation repair, periapical surgeries, repair of bony defects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomaterials, biominerals, calcium hydroxide, mineral trioxide aggregate, remineralization
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Conservative Dentistry
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2014 05:33
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2014 05:33

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