Awareness of Chronic Disease Related Health Benefits of Physical Activity among Residents of a Rural South Indian Region: A Cross-sectional Study

Kumar, Sundar Veluswamy and Maiya, Arun G and Nair, Suma and Guddattu, Vasudeva and Nair, Sreekumaran N and Vidyasagar, Sudha (2014) Awareness of Chronic Disease Related Health Benefits of Physical Activity among Residents of a Rural South Indian Region: A Cross-sectional Study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 (27). pp. 1-8.

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Abstract

Background: Physical activity trends for a lower-middle income country like India suggest a gradual decline in work related physical activity and no concomitant increase in leisure time physical activity. Perceived health benefits of physical activity and intention to increase physical activity have been established as independent correlates of physical activity status. In India, not much is known about peoples ’perceptions of health benefits of physical activity and their intention to increase physical activity levels. This study was performed to understand peoples’perceptions and awareness about health benefits of physical activity in a rural South Indian region. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted using a multistage cluster sampling design. A content validated, field tested questionnaire was administered in person by a trained interviewer in the participants native language. The questionnaire assessed the participants ’ perceptions about their lifestyle (active or sedentary), health benefits of physical activity and need for increasing their physical activity. In addition, the participant ’ s physical activity was assessed using version 2 of global physical activity questionnaire. Frequencies and percentages were used to summarise perceived health benefits of physical activity and other categorical variables. Age and body mass index were summarised using mean ± SD, whereas physical activity (MET.min.wk− 1 ) was summarised using median and interquartile range.Results: Four hundred fifty members from 125 randomly selected households were included in the study, of which 409 members participated. 89% (364) of participants felt they lead an active lifestyle and 83.1% (340) of participants did not feel a need to increase their physical activity level. 86.1%, (352) of the participants were physically active.Though 92.4% (378) of participants felt there were health benefits of physical activity, majority of them (75.1%) did not report any benefit related to chronic diseases. None mentioned health benefit related to heart disease or stroke.Conclusion: There is low awareness of chronic disease related benefits of physical activity and participants do not see a need to increase their physical activity level. Public health awareness programs on importance and health benefits of physical activity would be useful to counter the anticipated decline in physical activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perceived health benefits; Knowledge; Lower-middle income countries; Leisure time physical activity
Subjects: Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Physiotherapy
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Statistics
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 17 May 2014 04:19
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2014 06:52
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/139541

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