Malnutrition: The Underestimated Link in the Pathogenesis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis- A Preliminary Study

Boloor, Archith and *, Amina Asfiya M Iqbal and Rao, Jagadish Padubidri (2014) Malnutrition: The Underestimated Link in the Pathogenesis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis- A Preliminary Study. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 04 (05). pp. 473-481. ISSN 2230 – 7885

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Abstract

In underdeveloped nations it is a known fact that may subjects have been most prone to the considerable and often destructible presence of malnutrition and tuberculosis. The nutritional status of patients suffering from tuberculosis assumes significant importance both in its prevention and progress. The present preliminary study was carried out to in the city of Mangalore and Moodshedde, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India to unexplore the relationship between tuberculosis and malnutrition. We included 100 subjects suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis out of which 80 were males and 20 females with an average age of 42.3 years. The objective of our study was to analyze the coexistence of malnutrition and pulmonary tuberculosis. This investigation targeted at exploring the role of malnutrition as a critical predisposing factor in the development of pulmonary tuberculosis and also its consequences. The data collected included Body Mass Index (BMI), weight, height, mid upper arm circumference, haemoglobin and albumin levels. The dietary habits, including tobacco intake and alcohol consumption were enquired about with the help of recall method. Detailed physical examination was carried out to determine protein energy malnutrition and any deficiency of vitamins and/or minerals. We found that majority of the subjects (79%) were underweight having a BMI< 18 kg/m2, The subjects were not consuming enough calories in their diet and had daily intake of calories less than 1800 C. The vitamins and minerals that the subjects were lacking mainly included vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B- complex and folic acid. Hence in our preliminary study we established a significant association between malnutrition and pulmonary tuberculosis. However the study needs to be carried out with more number of patients in order to obtain conclusive evidence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malnutrition, Tuberculosis, BMI, protein malnutrition, Vitamin deficiency..
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Forensic Medicine
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 07:19
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2014 07:19
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/139634

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