Sustainable Transportation System – A Review

Girish, M G (2011) Sustainable Transportation System – A Review. In: National Conference on Sustainable Urban & Transportation Planning: Issues & Management Strategies, 8th - 9th July 2011, SVNIT, Surat.

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Transport allows people to move from one place to another place and also enables the movement of commercial goods. Transport supports the socio-economical development of whole region. Therefore it is indispensable for present and in future also. The demand for it is growing around the globe. However, on the other hand transport also has several unpleasant effects on our health and on the environment. According to World Health Organization estimate, the traffic accidents will be the second main cause of death and injury in developing countries by 2020. More than 600,000 people die every year in road accidents and about 50 million people are seriously injured. About 80,000 persons were killed and 382,700 persons were injured in India in the year 2001. This clearly shows the enormity of road traffic problems in India. Also, urban transportation is one of the most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions i.e. carbon dioxide, which cause climate change. India is known as the world’s fifth largest greenhouse gas emitter, accounting for about 5% of global emissions. Many other problems of transport are traffic congestion, fuel crisis, noise pollution, etc. These problems continue and will exacerbate in many urban areas of India if the current trend of urbanisation continues. Concern about socio-economic vitality, environment quality and climate change calls for a transport system which offers safe mobility and sustainability. This paper presents a review of sustainable transportation, covering - key issues, strategies, policies, technologies and also its benefits to the society

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urban transport planning, sustainable transportation, Green City, Environment, Sustainability
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2014 07:32
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2014 07:32

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