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Absence of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1 expression in inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of the central nervous system: Does it signify a different nosologic entity from its systemic counterpart?

*, Aparna Govindan and *, Anita Mahadevan and Chakraborti, Shrijeet and Furtado, Sunil and *, Susarla Krishna (2014) Absence of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1 expression in inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of the central nervous system: Does it signify a different nosologic entity from its systemic counterpart? Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology, 57 (2). pp. 178-182. ISSN 0377-4929

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Abstract

Background and Aim: Infl ammatory myofi broblastic tumors (IMFTs) are uncommon neoplasms of the central nervous system (CNS) of intermediate grade biologic potential. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK-1), a diagnostic marker of anaplastic large cell lymphoma, is also expressed in a subset of IMFTs and appears to have prognostic signifi cance. Though, few studies have evaluated expression of ALK-1 in IMFTs of the CNS. This retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the expression of ALK-1 expression in IMFT of CNS by immunohistochemistry and correlate with the clinical, radiological and pathologic features. Materials and Methods: Five cases diagnosed as IMFT/ infl ammatory pseudotumour/plasma cell granuloma, diagnosed in CNS over 10 year period (1998-2007) were retrieved from the archives of Department of Neuropathology of a tertiary referralcenter. The clinical profi le and imaging features were collected from the case records. Hematoxylin and eosin stained sections were reviewed with immunohistochemistry for smooth muscle actin (SMA), vimentin, desmin, ALK-1, p53, MIB-1, CD68, leukocyte common antigen, CD3, and CD20. Results: All fi ve cases of IMFTs presented as duralbased space occupying or en-plaque lesions. Histologically, four cases had combined plasma cell granuloma-fi brous histiocytoma morphology, and one had fi brous histiocytoma-like morphology. Immunohistochemically, SMA was strongly positive in spindle cell component of the tumors confi rming diagnosis. ALK-1 expression could not be detected by immunohistochemistry in any of the cases. Conclusion: Further studies analyzing ALK-1 gene mutation and rearrangements are required to determine pathogenetic role, if any, in CNS IMFTs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase, central nervous system, infl ammatory myofi broblastic tumor, central nervous system, infl ammatory myofi broblastic tumor
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Pathology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2014 06:02
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2014 06:02
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/140067

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