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Evaluation of gastric biopsies in chronic gastritis: Grading of inflammation by Visual Analogue Scale

*, Sonam Pruthi and *, Murali Nirupama and Chakraborti, Shrijeet (2014) Evaluation of gastric biopsies in chronic gastritis: Grading of inflammation by Visual Analogue Scale. Medical Journal of Dr. D.Y. Patil University, 7 (4). pp. 463-467. ISSN 0975-2870

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Abstract

Introduction: Gastritis is a common condition with many etiologies and the classification of the same poses a great challenge to the pathologist. Aim: This study was undertaken to classify gastritis according to the Sydney system guidelines including graded and non-graded variables and simultaneously find association of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with each of these variables. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 biopsies of chronic superficial gastritis received over a period of two years were studied, prospectively. Histology was evaluated with Hematoxylin and eosin, and Giemsa stains, and Gomori’s staining method for demonstration of reticulin fibres. Rapid Urease test results obtained from gastroenterology department were compared with histopathology. Chi-square test was used to analyze the correlation between the various variables. Results: Gastritis cases showed a male preponderance and the most common presenting complaint was dyspepsia. H. pylori gastritis usually shows increased neutrophilic activity but can also present with increased mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate and lymphoid follicles in chronic gastritis. Intestinal metaplasia and atrophy indicates the chronicity of the disease. H. pylori were noted in the areas away from the metaplastic gastric epithelium. Conclusion: The study showed that histopathology is the most sensitive test for diagnosing H. pylori on endoscopic biopsies. Though, rapid urease test kit gives gastroenterologist a rapid diagnosis, its specificity is low, and hence should be combined with histopathology, which is the gold standard for diagnosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chronic superficial gastritis, Giemsa stain, H. pylori, Sydney system
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Pathology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2014 06:02
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2014 06:02
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/140068

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