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Correlation of microalbuminuria with cardiovascular morbidity in essential hypertension

Agarwal, Sumit and Prabhu, Venkatraya M and *, Arun S and Pinto, Veena J. and Bhat , Gopalkrishna K and *, Deepti Mangla (2014) Correlation of microalbuminuria with cardiovascular morbidity in essential hypertension. International Journal of Clinical Cases and Investigations, 5 (6). pp. 67-76. ISSN 2229-7669

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Abstract

Objective: The present study was done to know the prevalence of microalbuminuria in essential hypertension and its correlation with cardiovascular morbidity like left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertensive retinopathy. Material and Methods: This study was a hospital based observational study, which was done in our tertiary care hospital between August 2010 to August 2012. All essential hypertensive patients, more than 40 years of age, of regular or irregular treatment, as well as newly detected hypertensives, defined as systolic blood pressure more than 140 mm of Hg or diastolic blood pressure more than 90 mm of Hg as an average of 2 blood pressure readings as specified by JNC VII guidelines were studied. Correlation of microalbuminuria with cardiovascular morbidity like left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertensive retinopathy was done. Results: A total of 100 patients of essential hypertension was studied. Out of 100 patients, 26 were found to be having microalbuminuria. 13 out of 71 stage I hypertensives were found to have microalbuminuria and 13 out of 29 stage II hypertensives had microalbuminuria. Out of 26 microalbuminurics 22 had hypertensive retinopathy and 21 had left ventricular hypertrophy (p=. 000). There was a positive correlation between microalbuminuria and stage of hypertension as well as cardiovascular morbidity, including left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertensive retinopathy. Conclusion: Microalbuminuria can be used as a marker of early recognition of the complications of hypertension and meticulous control of hypertension may reduce microalbuminuria and may benefit the patients by reducing or delaying the complications of hypertension.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microalbuminuria, Hypertension, Albuminuria.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Microbiology
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2014 11:15
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2014 11:15
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/140627

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