Optimization Of Extracellular Acid Protease Production From Aspergillus Niger By Factorial Design

Kalaskar, Vishalkirthi Vijay and Kasinathan, Narayanan and Subrahmanyam, VM and Rao, Josyula Venkata (2014) Optimization Of Extracellular Acid Protease Production From Aspergillus Niger By Factorial Design. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 4 (2). pp. 132-136.

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Abstract

The cultural conditions for acid protease production by Aspergillus niger was optimised using factorial design experiments and one factor-at-a time approach. In the production medium casein served as substrate and protease activity was measured in terms of tyrosine yield. The yield was further improved through UV mutation. Tyrosine yield amounted to 29.22 mg / g on casein substrate. Protease from this microbial strain was mesophilic. The enzyme was stable over a wide temperature range (30 to 45 °C) with maximum activity at 40 °C and showed better activity under acidic conditions. Also the extracted protease exhibited good tolerance towards organic solvents, surfactants and showed an increase in activity in presence of Ca2+. UV mutant showed 37.2 % increase in yield over the natural selectant and had better pH and thermostability. SDS PAGE showed 27.5 kDa as molecular size of the enzyme. This was further confirmed by zymography and gel filtration (Sephadex G-50). An improved enzyme yield and a better pH and thermal stability were achieved by using a combination of cultural condition optimization and mutation technique.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fractional factorial design; optimization; protease; UV radiation.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2014 04:21
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2014 04:21
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/140810

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