Autism: cause factors, early diagnosis and therapies

Bhat , Shreya and Acharya, Rajendra U and Adeli, Hojjat and Bairy, Muralidhar G and Adeli, Amir (2014) Autism: cause factors, early diagnosis and therapies. Reviews in the Neurosciences, 25 (6). pp. 841-850. ISSN 2191-0200

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurobiological disorder characterized by neuropsychological and behavioral deficits. Cognitive impairment, lack of social skills, and stereotyped behavior are the major autistic symptoms, visible after a certain age. It is one of the fastest growing disabilities. Its current prevalence rate in the U.S. estimated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is 1 in 68 births. The genetic and physiological structure of the brain is studied to determine the pathology of autism, but diagnosis of autism at an early age is challenging due to the existing phenotypic and etiological heterogeneity among ASD individuals. Volumetric and neuroimaging techniques are explored to elucidate the neuroanatomy of the ASD brain. Nuroanatomical, neurochemical, and neuroimaging biomarkers can help in the early diagnosis and treatment of ASD. This paper presents a review of the types of autism, etiologies, early detection, and treatment of ASD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism spectrum disorders, CHD8, GABA, neural connectivity, virtual reality.
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Biomedical
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 11:51
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2014 11:51
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141113

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