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Optimization of Illumination System Designs Using Neuro Expert System and study of system reliability

Adiga, Chandrashekara S (2006) Optimization of Illumination System Designs Using Neuro Expert System and study of system reliability. Phd. Thesis thesis, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal.

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Abstract

The demand for electrical energy in India is increasing at the rate of 9- 10% per annum whereas the generating capacity is increasing only at the rate of 5-6% per annum. Therefore, the gap between demand and supply is increasing day by day. India is generating approximately 1,00,000 MW of power. The studies have shown that one MW of power saved is equivalent to 2.3 MW of power generated. The economic analysis [1] has shown that the conservation of energy is six times cheaper than generation. Therefore, the energy conservation is in the top priority all over the world. As far India is concerned, due to the increasing trend of industrialization and constraint on energy consumption, the conservation of energy is the most important factor to be considered. The energy management has gained importance during the early 1970's because of the increase in the production cost, depletion of conventional energy sources and concern for the environment. The :energy management plays a very important role in Power Systems because it ensures the efficient use of available energy. This can be achieved with periodical Energy Audits and Demand Side Management programrnes.l'" Studies have revealed that in a developing nation like India, 'lighting' is having ample technical potential to contribute significantly to the objective of permanently reducing the consumption of energy as nearly 20% of the total electrical load is utilized for lighting only. For effective energy management in lighting, planning and implementation of the appropriate lighting system for a given application is of paramount importance. The power drawn in the field of lighting is contributed by many types of customers like domestic, public, commercial and industrial. But, due to the globalization of industries, the major portion of the lighting energy demand is due to industrial sector. Therefore, there is an ample scope for the energy conservation in industrial sectors. Not only that, even the industries also are ready to invest on the researches leading to energy conservation such that the power conserved in lighting can be diverted towards increasing the production. Many developments have taken place in the field of lighting in order to conserve energy. Different types of High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps like, High Pressure Sodium Vapor (HPSV), High Pressure Mercury Vapor (HPMV), High Pressure Metal Halide (HPMH), etc., and reflectors have been invented which are energy efficient. Fibre optic and LED technologies have opened up a new door towards energy conservation. Energy efficient lighting is one of the major areas where the industries are investing a lot. It is not only sufficient if the new technologies in lamps and reflectors are invented, but also the proper use of these luminaires is necessary. Otherwise, there may be unnecessaryand undue usage of the technologies which may result either in bad lighting or in wastage of energy. The effect of bad lighting will be reflected in the reduction in production rate where as over lighting results in wastage of electrical energy, because, the lighting level required in the working area depends on many factors like type of work to be carried out, type and age group of working personnel, layout of furniture and machinery, availability of natural light, etc. At the same time, the glare has to be controlled and must be maintained within the specified limits. Lighting in' particular instance is good when it creates a luminous environment that strikes the right balance between the needs of visual performance and visual satisfaction.i3) This balance can be obtained by a good lighting design.

Item Type: Thesis (Phd. Thesis)
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Electrical and Electronics
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2015 08:56
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2015 08:56
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141418

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