Mandibular morphology and pharyngeal airway space: A cephalometric study

Mehta, Siddharth and Lodha, Surendra and Valiathan, Ashima and Urala, Arun Srinivas (2015) Mandibular morphology and pharyngeal airway space: A cephalometric study. APOS Trends in Orthodontics, 5 (1). pp. 22-28.

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Introduction: Mandibular retrognathism is considered to be the most important risk factor for upper airway obstruction. Aim: This cross-sectional study intended to examine the relationship between craniofacial morphology and the pharyngeal airway space (PAS) in patients with mandibular retrognathism and mandibular prognathism, when compared to normal subjects. The study also analyzed the influence of mandibular morphology on pharyngeal length (PL). Materials and Methods: The PAS was assessed in 92 females (age 15-30 years) further divided into three groups - Group 1- normal mandible (76°≤ SNB ≤82°; n = 31); Group 2- mandibular retrognathism (SNB <76°; n = 31); Group 3-Mandibular prognathism (SNB >82°; n = 30). All subjects were examined by lateral cephalometry with head position standardized using an inclinometer. Craniocervical angulation, uvula length, thickness and angulation were compared among different groups. Results: The results showed no statistically significant difference in the pharyngeal airway between the three groups. Measurements of PL showed statistically significant higher values for retrognathic mandible group than normal and prognathic mandible group. Conclusion: There is no significant difference between PAS between patients with mandibular retrognathism, normal mandible and mandibular prognathism. Mandibular retrognathism patients show a significantly higher uvula angulation than patients with mandibular prognathism. Craniocervical angulation showed maximum value in retrognathic mandible group followed by normal and prognathic mandible group respectively. Mean PL for retrognathic mandible patients was significantly higher than prognathic mandible patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Head posture; mandibular prognathism; mandibular retrognathism; obstructive sleep apnea; pharyngeal airway.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Orthodontics
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2015 04:13
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2015 04:13

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