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Development of earthquake risk management Effectiveness model with an architectural perspective

Deshmukh, Ravindra (2008) Development of earthquake risk management Effectiveness model with an architectural perspective. Phd. Thesis thesis, Manipal University, Manipal.

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Abstract

A focused study of effectiveness of Disaster Management, especially in India, where about 22,782 lives have been lost and more than 349,590 people have been affected in Lathur and Bhuj regions (Deulgaonkar 1997; GOI 2002), to explore the possibilities of links between pre- and post-disaster issues, is undoubtedly a significant issue of research. This study is an in-depth empirical investigation of the effectiveness of Earthquake Risk Management (EQRM) in these two affected areas Purpose: The research focuses on Latur and Bhuj, the two regions hit by earthquakes in 1993 and 2001 respectively. Both these earthquakes caused extensive damage to the property and life. This study has drawn perceptions of victims, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and government officials in both these places, and perception-response of prospective architects to disaster managemenUearthquake risk. Based on these perceptions, in-depth analysis has been undertaken to investigate the response pattern in order to identify the gaps between the service provided and the service received, and draw implications and also make suggestions to improve the quality of service. The purpose of the study includes development of a metric and a model interlinking Pre-earthquake and Post-earthquake Risk Management issues. Architectural perspective with specific reference to mitigate the effects of disaster has also been a purpose of this study so as to make recommendations with justifications. Design Method: Interviews, field studies, and literature review on the two major earthquake events sought from reliable sources were the foundation of this research. Expert opinion of scholars knowledgeable in the field of disaster/earthquake risk management was also sought whenever necessary. The empirical study was undertaken based on the responses received from victims & community leaders, NGOs, government officials and prospective architects (sample size - 811) through a self-administered questionnaire specifically developed and validated for this research. Factor Analysis was undertaken to reduce the variables to the required number of dimensions. Hypotheses were formulated to answer specific research questions related to investigate the existence of significant relationships. Statistical methods included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and gap analysis Findings: The variables related to the pre- and post-disaster issues were identified. The empirical study and the analysis identified the gaps (between expectations of victims and the perception about service provided) that needed to be filled through evolving a system of administration and control. The key revelation of the study included non-conformance in satisfying the Non-structural measures, Risk analysis, Built environment, Preparedness, and Efficacy. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is a significant difference in some of the perceptions of Service Providers and Receivers. The architectural perspective to study the pre- and post-disaster issues has emerged out based on the study. Drawing of the inferences, development of a correlation model covering specific pre- and post-Earthquake Risk Management (EQRM) dimensions, and recommendations to improve service have also been the result of the findings. Contributions: The contribution includes the development of a self-administered metric specifically prepared to measure effectiveness of pre- and post-EQRM issues, a correlational model interlinking Pre-earthquake and Post-earthquake Risk Management issues, and the architectural perspective on the EQRM. Further, the findings have led to the development of a conceptual EQRM Effectiveness Model. The recommendations made in this research are very significant in the sense that they could potentially influence government policies and programs

Item Type: Thesis (Phd. Thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cervical cancer, Papsmear, Image processing, Intelligent model
Subjects: Architecture > MSAP Manipal
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2015 11:13
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2015 11:13
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141577

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