Self-Medication in medical students

Gupta, Chandni (2014) Self-Medication in medical students. Indian Streams Research Journal, 4 (5). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2230-7850

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Abstract

Self-medication is consumption of medicinal products for treating diseases without a prescription resulting in wastage of resources, increased drug resistance and causes health hazards. Self-medication, often without adult guidance, has been reported to be a common practice during adolescence. Similar to other preventable health-risk behaviors initiated in early adolescence, it has become a cause for concern universally. The main problem with self medication with antimicrobials is the emergence of pathogenic resistance. Antimicrobial resistance is an existing problem world-wide, mainly in developing countries. The aim and objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge regarding self medication among medical students of Uttar Pradesh Rural Institute Of Medical Sciences and Research, Saifai. This was a questionnaire based study of 4 months duration. A prevalidated questionnaire was distributed to 150 students. The results of this study showed that out of 150 students 130(86.7%) students used antibiotics as self medication. Most common reason for self administration of antibiotics was insect bite 35 (26.90%). In this study we observed that the most common source of information regarding self-medication were senior students 79(60.76%) and most commonly used drugs as self-medication were antibiotics 82(63.07%). The findings from this study highlights the striking prevalence of self medication among medical students, the lack of knowledge and the risks associated with them. Most common reason for indulging self medication was the easy availability 74(56.92%) of drugs. At the policy-making level, there is an urgent need to legislate and enforce laws restricting access to the supply of medicines without prescription by pharmacies and strict rules regarding pharmaceutical advertising. Most importantly, there is a need for a robust public enlightenment campaign to educate the populace of the disadvantages and possible complications of antibiotic self medication. Emphasis on rational use of drugs is a must.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibiotics; self medication; resistance; medical undergraduates; otc-drugs.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Anatomy
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2015 09:39
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 09:39
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141742

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