Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis associated with hbe hemoglobinopathy in a patient with hemophagocytic syndrome

Sharma, Swati and Valiathan, Manna and Belurkar, Sushma V and Acharya, Raviraja and Aggarwal, Swati (2013) Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis associated with hbe hemoglobinopathy in a patient with hemophagocytic syndrome. Our Dermatol Online, 4 (3). pp. 351-353.

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Abstract

Introduction: Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis (CHP) is a rare panniculitis which may occur alone or as a part of systemic manifestation of Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). It is described as a chronic histiocytic disorder of the subcutaneous adipose tissue with lymphocytic and histiocytic infiltration showing hemophagocytosis. It may also be noted in bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes and liver. Treatment includes glucocorticoids, cyclosporine and combined chemotherapeutic medications. Observation: A 34 years old lady, presented with multiple nodules over the body since 2 years. Hematological investigations revealed that patient had a rare HbE hemoglobinopathy and was treated for that. Skin biopsy showed CHP and subsequently on hematological and biochemical tests, a diagnosis of HPS was given and patient was referred to a hemato-oncologist. Conclusion: Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis is a rare and fatal form of panniculitis with multisystem involvement. Awareness of this cutaneous manifestation may help physicians in the early diagnosis of HPS. We report this interesting case of CHP with a brief review of literature. To best of our knowledge this is the first case of Hemophagocytic syndrome associated with HbE hemoglobinopathy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis; hemophagocytic syndrome; cyclosporine.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medicine
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pathology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2015 06:30
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2015 12:34
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141768

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