Group A, G and C β-hemolytic Streptococci

Shobha, KL and Kusumakshi, * and Prasad, Vishnu and Ramachandra, L (2015) Group A, G and C β-hemolytic Streptococci. International Journal of Medicine, 3 (1). pp. 8-11.

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Abstract

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is the most common causative agent of sore throat, pharyngitis, skin infections, rheumatic fever (RF), rheumatoid heart disease (RHD) and glomerulonephritis in young adults. Group G and C streptococcal species are also known to cause complications like acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Isolation of these from the throat could be a warning signal so that the further complications can be prevented. Estimation of prevalence could help clinicians to make informed decisions regarding diag-nostic testing of children with symptoms of sore throat and pharyngitis. M protein both GAS and GGS/GCS share in many virulence factors that contribute to virulence, some of which act as collagen binding adhesins that facilitate acute infection. Both GAS and GGS/GCS can cause similar spectrum of disease symptoms. The sequenced M Protein provides a view into the genetic elements respon-sible for diversity in the species. emm types historically associated with RF are rarely seen in India. The epidemiologic picture of strep-tococci in India shows some of the serotypes are more common with in a population in different geographical area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Group A C And G Streptococcus; Pharyngitis; M Protein; Emm Genes.
Subjects: Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Medical Laboratory Tech
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Microbiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Microbiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Surgery
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 04:25
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2015 04:25
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141883

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