A cross sectional study of employment pattern in patients with severe mental illness

Prasad, Hari G and Acharya, Vinita (2014) A cross sectional study of employment pattern in patients with severe mental illness. The Indian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 46 (2). pp. 35-40.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: People with severe mental illness are known to face significant barriers in sustaining employment. Employment plays an important role in the recovery of people with severe mental illness. Thus vocational rehabilitation is a key aspect of rehabilitation of individuals with mental illness. Employment pattern gives vital information about the factors influencing their employment status. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to understand the employment pattern of people with severe mental illness. METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional study was undertaken involving 152 participants, 66 of whom were diagnosed with Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) and 86 were diagnosed with schizophrenia. Employment pattern questionnaire was used for data collection. RESULTS: Overall, current working status among the participants was found to be 42% but a high percentage of unemployment period of 75.92% was noted. In comparison between BAD and schizophrenia, it was found that people with BAD had better current employment status (65%) and low median percentage of unemployment period (35%) than schizophrenia (24% and 91%) respectively. When paranoid schizophrenia was compared with non -paranoid schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia had better current working status (41%) and median percentage of unemployment (68%) than non- paranoid schizophrenia (11% and 100% respectively). CONCLUSION: Significantly high proportions of people with severe mental illness are currently unemployed. They alsospend long periods of their employable period away from paid employment. Occupational Therapists can play a vital role by focusing on vocational rehabilitation and enabling these individuals to participate in productive occupations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Severe mental illness; employment pattern; percentage of unemployment period.
Subjects: Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Occupational Therapy
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2015 09:39
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2015 09:39
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141965

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