Abhava pratinidhi dravya: A comparative phytochemistry of Ativisha, Musta and related species

Kumar, Subrahmanya K Abhava pratinidhi dravya: A comparative phytochemistry of Ativisha, Musta and related species. Journal of Ayurveda & Integrative Medicine. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0975-9476

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Authentic Ativisha (Aconitum heterophyllum) is a rare, endangered, Himalayan species. Ayurveda classical texts of c. 15th–16th century, introduced “abhava-pratinidhi dravya” concept, wherein Ativisha was categorized as an abhava dravya (unavailable drug) and Musta (Cyperus rotundus) was suggested as a pratinidhi dravya (substitute) for it. C. rotundus is a weed, abundantly available pan-India. Cryptocoryne spiralis (Naattu Athividayam) and Cyperus scariosus (Nagarmotha) are also traded as Ativisha and Musta, respectively. Yet, there are no scientifi c studies to validate the use of substitutes. A. heterophyllum bears no similarity in terms of botanical classifi cation with the other candidates. This article reviews published literature with an emphasis to look for similar phytochemicals or groups of phytochemicals in the species that could contribute to similar pharmacological activities, thereby supporting the drug substitution from a bio-medical perspective. Alkaloids like atisine were found to be the main focus of studies on A. heterophyllum, whereas for the Cyperus spp., it was terpenoids like cyperene. Although alkaloids and terpenoids were reported from both species, alkaloids in C. rotundus and terpenoids in A. heterophyllum were minor constituents. Reports on phytochemicals on Cryptocoryne spiralis and C. scariosus were very limited. Despite no signifi cant similarities in chemical profi les reported, the dravyaguna (Ayurvedic drug classifi cation) of Ativisha and Musta was quite similar warranting further exploration into the bio-functional aspects of the drug materials.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aconitum; Ativisha; Ayurveda; Cryptocoryne; Cyperus; Musta; phytochemistry.
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2015 11:50
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2015 11:50
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/141974

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