Infusion of human embryonic kidney cell line conditioned medium reverses kainic acid induced hippocampal damage in mice

Rai, Kiranmai S (2014) Infusion of human embryonic kidney cell line conditioned medium reverses kainic acid induced hippocampal damage in mice. Cytotherapy, 16 (12). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1465-3249

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Background aims. Hippocampal neurodegeneration is one of the hallmarks in neurological and neurodegenerative diseases such as temporal lobe epilepsy and Alzheimer disease. Human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells are a mixed population of cells, including neurons, and their conditioned medium is enriched with erythropoietin (EPO). Because EPO is a known neuroprotectant, we hypothesized that infusion of HEK cells or HEK-conditioned medium (HEK-CM) may provide neuroprotection against kainic acid (KA)-induced hippocampal damage in mice. Methods. Adult CF1 mice were treated with KA to induce hippocampal damage. On 3rd and 5th days after KA treatment, HEK cells or HEK-CM was infused intravenously through the tail vein. On the 7th and 8th days after KA treatment, all groups of mice were subjected to cognitive and depression assessment by use of a novel object recognition test and a forced swim test, respectively. Subsequent to this assessment, mice were killed and the brain samples were used to assess the histopathology and messenger RNA expression for EPO and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2). Results. We found that infusion of HEK cells/HEK-CM improves cognitive function and alleviates symptoms of depression. Histological assessment demonstrates complete neuroprotection against KA-mediated excitotoxicity, and the hippocampal cytoarchitecture of HEK cells/HEK-CM treated mice was comparable to normal control mice. HEK cells/HEK-CM treatment could provide neuroprotection by upregulating the endogenous EPO and Bcl-2 in KA-treated mice. Conclusions. Our present data demonstrate for the first time that infusion of HEK cells/HEKCM can prevent excitotoxic hippocampal damage and alleviate consequent behavioral abnormalities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conditioned medium; HEK cells; hippocampus; kainic acid; neurodegeneration; neuroprotection.
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Physiology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2015 09:21
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2015 09:21

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