A Study to assess the Stress and Coping among Widows Residing in Selected Areas of Udupi District

Ansuya, * (2015) A Study to assess the Stress and Coping among Widows Residing in Selected Areas of Udupi District. International Journal of Nursing Education, 7 (1). pp. 213-217. ISSN 0974-9349

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Abstract

Introduction: A women experiences a lot of stress in order to cope with the demands of life as a widow. Low income and lack of social support can lead to suffering for the widow and her dependent children. Objectives: To assess the levels of stress and identify the coping strategies adopted by the widows; find the association between stress levels and selected variables; coping strategies and selected variables; find the relationship between stress level with coping strategies, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Material & Method: Descriptive survey approach was used to conduct a study among 52 widows who had lost their husbands on or before 6 months, were less than or equal to 55 years of age and residing in Katapadi village. Snowball sampling technique was used to collect the data through structured interview method. Results & Discussion: The analysis of data revealed majority 86% of the widows were aged above 40 years, 55.8% were widowed for a period of more than 5 years, 61.5% were receiving widow pension. There was significant association between stress and diastolic blood pressure (χ2= 4.661; p =0.043); coping strategies adopted with type of family (χ2= 8.125; p =0.009); and widow pension (χ2= 11.700; p =0.001); however other variables were independent of stress and coping level. Spearman's correlation coefficient showed positive relationship between stress and coping (ρ=0.386; r=0.005) and between stress with diastolic blood pressure (ρ=0.299; r=0.031). Conclusion: The study was limited as it used purposive sampling method, so generality of the study was limited to the sample. By this study we can conclude that the widows are at risk for developing Hypertension and other stress related disease. Adequate widow pension and family support can enhance the widow's coping.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Widow; Stress; Coping; Widow-pension.
Subjects: Nursing > MCON Manipal > Community Health
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2015 04:26
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2015 04:26
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/142197

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