Concurrent Sulforaphane and Eugenol Induces Differential Effects on Human Cervical Cancer Cells

Hussain , Arif and Priyani, Anita and Sadrieh, Lida and Kruti, Brahmbhatt and Ahmed , Musthaq and Sharma, Chhavi (2011) Concurrent Sulforaphane and Eugenol Induces Differential Effects on Human Cervical Cancer Cells. Integrative Cancer Therapies, XX (X). pp. 1-12.

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Abstract

The concept of combination of chemoprevention holds great potential for cancer management as lower, clinically tolerable doses of individual agents could be achieved through therapeutic synergy. However, elucidation of their possible interactions—additive, synergistic, or antagonistic—must be thoroughly studied before considering for clinical use. Methods. To evaluate the effect of combination treatment of sulforaphane (SFN) and eugenol on HeLa cells, the authors performed cell viability assay, apoptosis assay, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for gene expression analysis. Calculations of combination effects were expressed as a combination index (CI) with CI < 1, CI = 1, or CI > 1 representing synergism, additivity, or antagonism, respectively. Results. Simultaneous treatment with variable dose combinations of SFN and eugenol resulted in differential effects with an antagonistic effect at lower and synergistic at higher sub-lethal doses as reflected in cell cytotoxicity and apoptosis induction. Importantly, gemcitabine used in conjunction with the low- and high-dose combinations showed no significant cell death at lower doses suggesting that cell cytotoxicity is proportional to gemcitabine alone, whereas at higher sublethal doses of SFN and eugenol, it was found to act in a synergistic manner with gemcitabine. Furthermore, SFN and eugenol combinations at synergistic dose significantly downregulated the expression of Bcl-2, COX-2 and IL-β but not the antagonistic combinations. Conclusion. This study clearly indicates that 2 (or more) chemopreventive agents can act antagonistically or synergistically necessitating elucidation of possible mechanistic interactions for favorable and reliable outcomes of dietary components in the field of cancer prevention.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering > Dubai Campus > School of Life Sciences
Depositing User: Admin MU Dubai
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2015 15:11
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2015 05:43
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/142220

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