Risk factors for non-communicable diseases among rural adolescents: A school based cross-sectional study.

*, Bukelo MF and *, Kiran D and *, Goud BR and *, Bukelo MJ and *, Kiran PR and Kulkarni, Vaman and *, Nithin Kumar and Kanchan, Tanuj and *, Unnikrishnan B (2015) Risk factors for non-communicable diseases among rural adolescents: A school based cross-sectional study. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 8 (2). pp. 1-4. ISSN 0974-2441

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Abstract

Objective: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) in recent times have attained a magnitude of epidemic proportion, with increasing number of adolescence being reported as obese. The risk factors for NCD such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, dietary habits, etc. are inculcated during adolescence and continue to exist in adult life there by increasing the risk for hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. To assess the prevalence of risk factors for NCD among adolescents of a high school in rural Karnataka. Methods: In a school-based cross-sectional study 297 adolescents belonging to classes 8, 9 and 10 were assessed for the presence of risk factors for NCD using pretested questionnaire modified from NCD Risk Factor Survey Questionnaire, WHO-STEPS Questionnaire and Integrated Disease Surveillance Project Questionnaire. Results: The participants were aged between 12 and 17 years; mean age of the participants being 14.3 years. More than half (n=158, 53.2%) of the participants were boys, and a higher proportion (n=119, 40%) belonged to low socio-economic status class 5 according to B.G Prasad Scale. Based on International Physical Activity Questionnaire scoring protocol, 30.3% (n=90) participants were minimally active. The family history of hypertension and diabetes was seen among 55 (18.5%) and 28 (9.5%) of the participants respectively. Based on CDC 2000 standards 7 (2.4%) of the participants were overweight. The proportion of participants who were classified as having prehypertension, Stage I and Stage II hypertension was 20 (6.7%), 16 (5.4%) and 1 (0.3%) respectively. Inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables was seen in 235 (80.1%) and inappropriate dietary intake (fried foods, salted items more than 3 times/week) was seen in 166 (55.9%) of the participants. Conclusion: Several risk factors, both modifiable and non-modifiable are prevalent among the adolescents. Early detection of the risk factors and timely interventions are essential to reduce the burden of NCDs in future. Simple measures such as health education, nutritional education, and lifestyle modifications could go a long way in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with NCD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescents, Non-communicable diseases, Risk factors, South India.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Forensic Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2015 11:01
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2015 11:01
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/142234

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