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An Epidemiological study on hand washing practices among health care workers in hospitals of Mangalore city

*, Harsha Kumar HN and *, Devi Dileep (2013) An Epidemiological study on hand washing practices among health care workers in hospitals of Mangalore city. National Journal of Community Medicine, 4 (2). pp. 261-266. ISSN pISSN 0976 3325│eISSN 2229 6816

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Abstract

Introduction: There is very little published information on hand washing practices of Health Care Workers (HCWs), their knowledge, perceived barriers & facilities for practicing hand washing in hospitals from India. So this study was undertaken. Such studies give important inputs for further research, policy & planning. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study conducted in hospitals of mangalore city had two components: 1) Direct observation of hand washing pre & post patient contact followed by 2) administration of anonymous questionnaire testing knowledge. A total of 142 hand washing opportunities were studied. The study was conducted in consenting hosptials affiliated to medical schools, nursing homes, corporate hospitals. Two study tools based on used were: 1) Proforma to record practices; and 2) Questionnaire to test knowledge of HCWs. Results: Only 129 observations could be made. Though the HCWs had general awareness about Hand Washing Practices (HWPs), they lacked information about specific aspects & the practices were poor. Low hand washing rates (%) were observed among nurses (28) & doctors (23).There was gap between knowledge and practice. Knowledge of doctors on various aspects of hand washing was inadequate though it was better than nurses. “High Work Load” & “Lack of Time” were perceived to be important barriers for HWPs. Shortage of sinks was noticed in hospitals. Conclusion: There is a need to evolve guidelines for hand washing practices & the facilities for it in hospitals of India.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hand washing, health care worker, hospital
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2015 10:58
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2015 10:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/142278

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